Arturo Escobar is Kenan Distinguished Professor of Anthropology Emeritus at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He is affiliated with two doctoral programs in Colombia, on Design and Creation (Universidad de Caldas, Manizales), and on Environmental Sciences (Universidad del Valle, Cali). His main interests are: political ecology, ontological design, and the anthropology of development, social movements, and technoscience. Over the past twenty-five years, he has worked closely with Afro-Colombian social movements in the Colombian Southwest. His most well-known book is Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World (1995, 2 nd Ed. 2011). His most recent book is Designs for the Pluriverse: Radical Interdependence, Autonomy, and the Making of Worlds (2018).