Designers possess many strengths vis-a-vis cities:  an understanding of materiality, creative and interdisciplinary thinking, and the ability to dream about the future in concrete terms.  However, they need one more thing:  a deep understanding of how cities are truly shaped and reshaped over time.  Such critical knowledge arises from asking penetrating questions:  Who really designs cities?  Why are cities designed in certain ways and not others?  Who benefits time and again from the design of cities, and who is constantly excluded?  The answers to these questions lie in reframing the city not simply as a collection of designed objects, spaces, landscapes, and infrastructures, but more fundamentally as means to larger and more powerful ends.
—Aseem Inam, Program Director, MA Theories of Urban Practice